Lists of Notable Spies-Incomplete Wikipedia Lists
American Revolution era spies
Spied for America
Abraham Woodhull (October 7, 1750)-Libra, was a leading member of the American Culper Spy Ring in New York City and Setauket, New York during the American Revolution. The Culper Ring was a successful operation which provided Washington with valuable information on the British Army headquartered in and operating out of New York, from October 1778 until the end of the American Revolutionary War.
Benjamin Edes (October 14, 1732)-Libra, was a journalist and political agitator. He is best known, along with John Gill, as the publisher of the Boston Gazette, a newspaper which sparked and financed the Boston Tea Party and was influential during the American Revolutionary War.
Benjamin Tallmadge (February 11?, 1754)-Aquarius, In this conflict he acted as leader of the Culper Ring, a celebrated network of spies in British-occupied New York. He also led a successful raid across Long Island that culminated in the Battle of Fort St. George.
Caleb Brewster (September 12, 1747)-Virgo, was a member of the Culper spy ring during the American Revolutionary War, reporting to General George Washington through Major Benjamin Tallmadge.
Clément Gosselin (June 12, 1747)-Gemini
Daniel Bissell (December 30, 1754)-Capricorn
David Henley (February 5/12, 1748/9)-Aquarius, was a Continental Army officer during the American Revolutionary War, who served as George Washington’s intelligence officer and Prisoner of war commandant.
Enoch Crosby (January 4, 1750)-Capricorn, was an American soldier and spy during the Revolutionary War. His life may have been the basis for the character Harvey Birch in James Fenimore Cooper’s novel The Spy.
Ethan Allen (January 21, 1738)-Aquarius, was a farmer; businessman; land speculator; philosopher; writer; and American Revolutionary War patriot, hero, and politician. He is best known as one of the founders of the U.S. state of Vermont, and for the capture of Fort Ticonderoga early in the American Revolutionary War along with Benedict Arnold.
Henry K. van Rensselaer (July 25, 1744)-Leo, was a Colonel during the American Revolutionary War when he played a pivotal role in the Battle of Fort Anne.
James Armistead Lafayette (December 10, 1760)-Sagittarius, was an African American slave who served the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War as a double agent. He served under the Marquis de Lafayette, reporting on the activities first of Benedict Arnold – after he had gone over to the British – and then Lord Cornwallis during the run-up to the Battle of Yorktown. He also fed false information to them.
John Brown (October 19, 1744)-Libra, was a Revolutionary War officer, a state legislator, and a Berkshire County judge. He played key roles in the conquest of Fort Ticonderoga at the start of the war, during the American invasion of Canada in 1775-1776, and once again in 1777 during Lieutenant General John Burgoyne’s invasion of the United States by way of Lake Champlain and the Hudson River.
Brown was the first man to bring formal changes against Benedict Arnold, who was then a prominent American general.
John Laurens (October 28, 1754)-Scorpio, was an American soldier and statesman from South Carolina during the American Revolutionary War, best known for his efforts to help recruit slaves to fight for their freedom as soldiers, in addition to his critical views against slavery, which set Laurens apart from many of his compatriots of the time.
Jonathan Loring Austin (January 2, 1748)-Capricorn, was a Massachusetts revolutionary, diplomat and politician who served as the second Secretary of the Commonwealth and the tenth Treasurer and Receiver-General of Massachusetts.
Paul Revere (January 1, 1735)-Capricorn, Revere was a prosperous and prominent Boston silversmith, who helped organize an intelligence and alarm system to keep watch on the British military.
Philip Mazzei (December 25, 1730)-Capricorn, A close friend of Thomas Jefferson, Mazzei acted as an agent to purchase arms for Virginia during the American Revolutionary War.
Silas Deane (December 24, 1737)-Capricorn, was an American merchant, politician and diplomat. Originally a supporter of American independence Deane served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and then as the United States’ first foreign diplomat when he travelled to France to lobby the French government for aid.
William Bingham (March 8, 1752)-Pisces
Anna Smith Strong (April 14, 1740)-Aries, was an American Patriot and a member of the Culper Spy Ring during the American Revolution.
Robert Townsend (November 25, 1753)-Sagittarius
Spied for Britain
Benedict Arnold (January 14, 1741)-Capricorn, was a general during the American Revolutionary War who originally fought for the American Continental Army but defected to the British Army
Dr. Benjamin Church (August 24, 1734)-Virgo, was effectively the first Surgeon General of the U.S. Army, serving as the “Chief Physician & Director General” of the Medical Service of the Continental Army from July 27, 1775 to October 17, 1775. He was also active in Boston’s Sons of Liberty movement in the years before the war. However, early in the American Revolution, Church was also sending secret information to General Thomas Gage, the British commander, and when one of his letters into Boston was intercepted, he was tried and convicted of “communicating with the enemy”.
John André (2 May 1750)-Taurus, was a British Army officer hanged as a spy by the Continental Army during the American War of Independence for assisting Benedict Arnold’s attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to the British.
Edward Bancroft (January 9, 1744)-Capricorn, was an American physician and double-agent spy during the American Revolution.
American Civil War Spies
Albert Deane Richardson (October 6, 1833)-Libra
Elizabeth Van Lew (October 25, 1818)-Scorpio, was a Richmond, Virginia abolitionist and philanthropist who built and operated an extensive spy ring for the United States during the American Civil War.
Lafayette Curry Baker (October 13, 1826)-Libra
Pauline Cushman (June 10, 1833)-Gemini, was an American actress and a spy for the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Philip Henson (December 28, 1827)-Capricorn, was a scout and spy for the Union Army during the American Civil War. Upon the election of U.S. Grant to the U.S. Presidency (1869–1877), Henson became the first Special Secret Service Agent of the United States of America, serving until Grant’s death in 1885
Timothy Webster (March 12, 1822)-Pisces, Pinkerton agent and Union spy, was the first spy in the American Civil War to be executed.
Allan Pinkerton (25 August 1819)-Virgo, was a Scottish American detective and spy, best known for creating the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.
Grenville Mellen Dodge (April 12, 1831)-Aries
Antonia Ford (July 23, 1838)-Leo
Isabella Marie Boyd (May 4, 1843)-Taurus
David Owen Dodd (November 10, 1846)-Scorpio
James Dunwoody Bulloch (June 25, 1823)-Cancer
John Yates Beall (January 1, 1835)-Capricorn
Richard Thomas Zarvona (October 27, 1833)-Scorpio, born Richard Thomas Jr., was an American adventurer and a Confederate Army officer who became known as “the French lady” after a disguised Thomas and a crew of accomplices seized the passenger steamer St. Nicholas during the first year of the American Civil War, planning to raid the sloop of war USS Pawne
Thomas A Jones (March 4, 1859)-Pisces
Thomas Jordan (September 30, 1819)-Libra was a Confederate general and major operative in the network of Confederate spies during the American Civil War.
William Norris (December 6, 1820)-Sagittarius, was the Chief Signal Officer of the Confederate States Army and Chief of the Signal Bureau in Richmond.
American World War I American Spies
Sylvanus Griswold Morley (June 7, 1883)-Gemini
American World War II Spies
Arthur Joseph Goldberg (August 8, 1908)-Leo, was an American statesman and jurist who served as the U.S. Secretary of Labor, Supreme Court Justice and Ambassador to the United Nations.
Arthur Meier Schlesinger, Jr. (October 15, 1917)-Libra
Claire Phillips (December 2, 1908)-Sagittarius, was an American spy who worked in the Japanese controlled Philippines during World War II.
Frederick “Fred” Mayer (October 28, 1921)-Scorpio, is a German-born Jewish American who was an OSS agent for the United States during World War II. He negotiated the surrender of the German Army in Innsbruck, Austria in 1945 after he was captured in Operation Greenup.
Fritz Kolbe (September 25, 1900)-Libra, was a German diplomat who became America’s most important spy against the Nazis in World War II.
Joan Valerie Bondurant (December 18, 1918)-Sagittarius, was an American political scientist and former spy for the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) during World War II.
John Morrison Birch (May 28, 1918)-Gemini
Julia Child (August 15, 1912)-Leo
Martin Quigley Jr. (November 24, 1917)-Sagittarius
Morris “Moe” Berg (March 2, 1902)-Pisces, was an American catcher and coach in Major League Baseball who later served as a spy for the Office of Strategic Services during World War II.
René Joyeuse (17 January 1920)-Capricorn
Richard Motoso Sakakida (November 19, 1920)-Scorpio, was a United States Army intelligence agent stationed in the Philippines at the outbreak of World War II. He was captured and tortured for months after the fall of the country to Imperial Japan, but managed to convince the Japanese that he was a civilian and was released. Employed by the Japanese Fourteenth Army (though still under suspicion), he gathered and passed along valuable information to the Philippine resistance. He also planned and participated in the mass escape of about 500 Filipino prisoners.
Sterling Walter Hayden (March 26, 1916)-Aries
William G. Sebold (10 March 1899)-Pisces, was a United States citizen when he visited Germany and was coerced into becoming a spy. He informed the American Consul General in Cologne before leaving Germany and became a double agent for the FBI. With the assistance of another German agent, Fritz Duquesne, he recruited 32 agents that became known as the Duquesne Spy Ring. In June 1941, the Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested all of the agents, and the entire group was convicted and sentenced to a total of 300 years in prison.
Rochelle Hudson (March 6, 1916)-Pisces
American Cold War Spies
Spied for U.S.
Arkady Nikolayevich Shevchenko (October 11, 1930)-Libra, a Soviet diplomat, was the highest-ranking Soviet official to defect to the West.
Boris Morros (January 1, 1891)-Capricorn, was an American Communist Party member, Soviet agent, and FBI double agent.
Boris Yuzhin (February 21, 1942)-Pisces, is a former Soviet spy. He was a mole in the KGB, spying for the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the 1970s and 1980s before being caught and imprisoned.
Francis Gary Powers (August 17, 1929)-Leo, was an American pilot whose Central Intelligence Agency U-2 spy plane was shot down while flying a reconnaissance mission over Soviet Union airspace, causing the 1960 U-2 incident.
Heinz Barwich (22 July 1911)-Cancer, was a German nuclear physicist. He was deputy director of the Siemens Research Laboratory II in Berlin. At the close of World War II, he followed the decision of Gustav Hertz, to go to the Soviet Union for ten years to work on the Soviet atomic bomb project, for which he received the Stalin Prize. He was director of the Zentralinstitut für Kernforschung (Central Institute for Nuclear Research) at Rossendorf near Dresden. For a few years he was director of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. In 1964 he defected to the West.
Miles Axe Copeland, Jr. (July 16, 1916)-Cancer
Otto Albrecht Alfred von Bolschwing (15 October 1909)-Libra, was a German SS-Hauptsturmführer in the Nazi Sicherheitsdienst (SD), the SS intelligence agency. After World War II von Bolschwing became a spy and worked for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in Europe and later in California.
Philip Burnett Franklin Agee (July 19, 1935)-Cancer
Robert Booker “Bob” Baer (July 1, 1952)-Cancer
Ruth Fischer (11 December 1895)-Sagittarius, was a German Communist, a co-founder of the Austrian Communist Party in 1918. She later became a staunch anti-Communist activist and, according to secret information declassified in 2010, was a key agent of the American intelligence service known as “The Pond”.
Lt. Col. Yuri Ivanovich Nosenko (October 30, 1927)-Scorpio, was a KGB defector and a figure of significant controversy within the U.S. intelligence community, since his claims contradicted another defector, Anatoliy Golitsyn, who believed he was a KGB plant. The harsh treatment he received as part of the early US interrogation was one of the “abuses” documented in the Central Intelligence Agency “Family Jewels” documents in 1973.
Spied for USSR
Anatoli A. Yakovlev (31 May 1913)-Gemini, was General Consul of the Soviet Union’s delegation in New York City in the 1940s. His diplomatic role was a cover for his true activities as an NKVD Senior Case Officer for the Soviet spy network in the United States during the 1940s until his return to the Soviet Union in 1946.
Agnes Smedley (February 23, 1892)-Pisces, As the lover of Soviet super spy Richard Sorge in Shanghai in the early 1930s, she helped get him established for his final and greatest work as spymaster in Tokyo.
Alan Nunn May (2 May 1911)-Taurus, was a British physicist, and a confessed and convicted Soviet spy, who supplied secrets of British and United States atomic research to the Soviet Union during World War II.
Aldrich Hazen Ames (May 26, 1941)-Gemini, is an American who was convicted of espionage against his country in 1994. He is serving a life sentence without the possibility of parole in the high-security Allenwood U.S. Penitentiary. Ames was formerly a 31-year Central Intelligence Agency counterintelligence officer and analyst who committed espionage against his country by spying for the Soviet Union and Russia. So far as it is known, Ames compromised the second-largest number of CIA agents—second only to those betrayed by Robert Hanssen.
Alfred Tilton (March 4, 1897)-Pisces, was a Latvian who was head of Soviet Military Intelligence (GRU) in the United States in the late 1920s.
Allan Robert Rosenberg (April 21, 1909)-Taurus, Rosenberg was a member of the Perlo group of Soviet spies during World War II.
Anatole Boris Volkov (October 29, 1924)-Scorpio, was an American physicist, allegedly serving as a courier for the Silvermaster spy ring between Washington, D.C. and New York City. Volkov taught both abroad and in America, retiring in the United States 1989. Though Volkov’s name appears in the FBI’s files, he was never convicted of any espionage by the U.S. government.
Andrew Roth (23 April 1919)-Taurus
Bernard Sidney Redmont (November 8, 1918)-Scorpio
William Weisband, Sr. (August 28, 1908)-Virgo, was an American cryptanalyst and NKVD agent (code name ‘LINK’), best known for his role in revealing U.S. decryptions of Soviet diplomatic and intelligence codes to Soviet intelligence.
Charles Kramer (December 14, 1906)-Sagittarius, was an American economist who worked for U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt as part of his brain trust. Among other contributions, he wrote the original idea for the Point Four Program. He also worked for several congressional committees and hired Lyndon B. Johnson for his first Federal job. Kramer was accused of being a spy for the Soviet Union, but no charges were brought against him.
Donald Niven Wheeler (October 23, 1913) -Scorpio, was a lifelong social activist, teacher and member of the Communist Party, as well as an accused Soviet spy. Allegations of espionage made against him were never proved, and he was never convicted despite repeated investigations.
Earl Russell Browder (May 20, 1891)-Taurus, was an American political activist, functionary and leader of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA).
Elizaveta ‘Zoya’ Yulyevna Zarubina (January 1, 1900)-Capricorn
Harold Glasser (November 24, 1905)-Sagittarius, was an economist in the United States Department of the Treasury and spokesman on the affairs of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) ‘throughout its whole life’ and he had a ‘predominant voice’ in determining which countries should receive aid. Glasser was a member of the Perlo group of Soviet spies during World War II and worked closely with Harry Dexter White.
Harold Ware (August 19, 1889)-Leo, was an American Marxist regarded as one of the Communist Party’s top experts on agriculture.
Whittaker Chambers alleged that during the early 1930s he was a member of the so-called “Ware Group,” a covert group of operatives within the United States government which aided Soviet intelligence agents.
Harry Dexter White (October 9, 1892)-Libra, was an American economist, senior U.S. Treasury department official. Working closely with the Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr., he helped set American financial policy toward the Allies of World War II while at the same time he passed numerous secrets to the Soviet Union.
Harry Gold (December 11, 1910)-Sagittarius, was a laboratory chemist who was convicted of being the courier for a number of Soviet spy rings during the Manhattan Project.
Henry Samuel Magdoff (August 21, 1913)-Leo, was a prominent American socialist commentator. He held several administrative positions in government during the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt and later became co-editor of the Marxist publication Monthly Review.
Hede Massing (6 January 1900)-Capricorn
Yakov Naumovich Reizen (April 24, 1889)-Taurus, was a Ukrainian-born Bolshevik revolutionary who became a secret police operative on behalf of the USSR in the United States. A founding member of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), around 1930 Golos became involved in the covert work of Soviet intelligence agencies, including the procurement of American passports by means of fraudulent documentation and the recruitment and coordination of the activities of a broad network of agents.
John Jacob Abt (May 1, 1904)-Taurus, was an American lawyer and politician. He spent most of his career as chief counsel to the Communist Party USA (CPUSA).
John Theodore Herrmann (January 1, 1900)-Capricorn, was the person who introduced Whittaker Chambers to Alger Hiss.
Lee Pressman (July 1, 1906)-Cancer, was a labor attorney and a US government functionary publicly exposed in 1948 for having been a spy for the Soviet foreign intelligence network during the middle 1930s.
Louis Francis Budenz (July 17, 1891)-Cancer, was an American activist and writer, as well as a Soviet espionage agent and head of the Buben group of spies. He began as a labor activist and became a member of the Communist Party USA. In 1945 Budenz renounced Communism and became a vocal anti-Communist, appearing as an expert witness at various governmental hearings and authoring a series of books on his experiences.
Martha Eccles Dodd (October 8, 1908)-Libra, and her husband spied for the Soviet Union against her native United States from before World War II until the height of the Cold War. She had lived in Berlin early in the Third Reich (1933–1937) with her father William Edward Dodd, then United States Ambassador to Germany. She became involved in left-wing politics after she purportedly witnessed first-hand the violence of the Nazi state.
Nathan Gregory Silvermaster (November 27, 1898)-Sagittarius, an economist with the United States War Production Board (WPB) during World War II, was the head of a large ring of Communist spies in the U.S. government.
Nathan Witt (February 11, 1903)-Aquarius, was an American lawyer who is best known as being the Secretary of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) from 1937 to 1940. He resigned from the NLRB after his communist political beliefs were exposed and he was accused of manipulating the Board’s policies to favor his own political leanings. He was also investigated several times in the late 1940s and 1950s for being a spy for the Soviet Union in the 1930s. No evidence of espionage was ever found.
Nathaniel Weyl (July 20, 1910)-Cancer, was an American economist and author who wrote on a variety of social issues. A member of the Communist Party of the United States from 1933 until 1939 but, after leaving the party, he became a conservative and avowed anti-communist.
Noel Field (January 23, 1904)-Aquarius, was an American citizen who, while employed at the U.S. Department of State in the 1930s, was a Soviet spy.
Reino Häyhänen (May 14, 1920)-Taurus, was an ethnic Finnish Soviet Lieutenant Colonel who defected to the United States.
Victor Perlo (May 15, 1912)-Taurus, was a Marxist economist, government functionary, and a longtime member of the governing National Committee of the Communist Party USA.
Rudolf Ivanovich Abel (July 11, 1903)-Cancer
William Ward Pigman (March 5, 1910)-Pisces, was a former chairman of the Department of Biochemistry at New York Medical College, and a suspected Soviet Union spy as part of the “Karl group” for Soviet Military Intelligence (GRU).
Whittaker Chambers (April 1, 1901)-Aries, was an American writer and editor. After he was a Communist Party USA member and Soviet spy, he renounced communism, became an outspoken opponent, and testified at Alger Hiss’s perjury and espionage trial.
Americans who spied for foreign countries
Larry Wu-tai Chin (August 17, 1922)-Leo, was a Chinese language translator working for the CIA’s Foreign Broadcast Information Service. He sold classified documents to the People’s Republic of China from 1952 to 1985.
Ronald William Pelton (November 18, 1941)-Scorpio, was an National Security Agency (NSA) intelligence analyst who was convicted in 1986 of spying for and selling secrets to the Soviet Union. He reportedly has a photographic memory as he passed no documents to the Soviets. One operation he compromised was Operation Ivy Bells.
Earl Edwin Pitts (September 23, 1953)-Libra, is a former FBI special agent who, in 1996, was arrested at the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia. Pitts was charged with several offenses, including spying for the Soviet Union. In February 1997, he pleaded guilty to conspiring and attempting to commit espionage in exchange for a reduced prison sentence.
Robert Philip Hanssen (April 18, 1944)-Aries, is a former US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent who spied for Soviet and Russian intelligence services against the United States for 22 years from 1979 to 2001. He is currently serving 15 consecutive life sentences.
John Anthony Walker, Jr. (July 28, 1937)-Leo, was a United States Navy Chief Warrant Officer and communications specialist convicted of spying for the Soviet Union from 1968 to 1985.
Morris Cohen (July 2, 1910)-Cancer
Walter Kendall Myers (April 15, 1937)-Aries, is a retired U.S. State Department Officer who, with his wife, Gwendolyn, was arrested and indicted on June 4, 2009, on charges of spying for Cuba for nearly 30 years.
Samuel Dickstein (February 5, 1885)-Aquarius, was a Democratic Congressional Representative from New York and a New York State Supreme Court Justice. He played a key role in establishing the committee that would become the House Committee on Un-American Activities, which he used to attack fascists, including Nazi sympathizers, and suspected communists. Authors Allen Weinstein, and Alexander Vassiliev said in 1999 that Soviet files indicate he was a paid agent of the NKVD. The Boston Globe stated: “Dickstein ran a lucrative trade in illegal visas for Soviet operatives before brashly offering to spy for the NKVD, the KGB’s precursor, in return for cash.” Sam Roberts in The Brother: The Untold Story of the Rosenberg Case stated “Not even Julius Rosenberg knew that Samuel Dickstein had been on the KGB’s payroll.” Kurt Stone wrote “he was, for many years, a ‘devoted and reliable’ Soviet agent whom his handlers nicknamed ‘Crook.'”
Christopher John Boyce (February 16, 1953)-Aquarius, was a defense contractor who was convicted for selling US spy satellite secrets to the Soviet Union in the 1970s.
Jonathan Jay Pollard (August 7, 1954)-Leo, is an American prison inmate who pleaded guilty in 1987 to selling classified information to Israel while working as a civilian intelligence analyst.
Stewart David Nozette (May 20, 1957)-Taurus, is an American planetary scientist, technologist, and consultant who worked for the United States Department of Energy, the United States Department of Defense, DARPA, the United States Naval Research Laboratory, and NASA. He is also a convicted felon for attempted espionage and fraud against the United States. The FBI arrested him October 19, 2009, charging him with attempted espionage after a sting operation which Nozette’s lawyer claims amounted to entrapment. At trial, Nozette admitted attempting to sell U.S. classified information to someone he believed was an Israeli Mossad operative, but was in reality an undercover Federal Bureau of Investigation employee. He pleaded guilty to one charge of attempted espionage and was sentenced, under the terms of a plea bargain, to thirteen years in prison and is now serving time at the Federal Correctional Institution, Terre Haute. The FBI found no evidence that any classified materials were actually released to anyone outside the US Government.